The Krayan sub-district consists of two customary lands, Krayan Hilir and Krayan Darat. Krayan is part of the district of Nunukan, East Kalimantan. More than 7,000 people live in the area distributed among 18 settlements (each settlement can be made up of two or more villages).
The largest ethnic group in the area is the Lundayeh. The area is located at an elevation of about 1000m above sea level. Mountains and hills give way to large valleys where irrigated rice farming was developed.
The main economic activity is rice cultivation, especially the famous Adan Rice of the Highlands. Local people also raise buffaloes, produce salt, and trade across the border with Ba’ Kelalan.
The area is known for the quality and artistry of its handicrafts made of various natural materials (bamboo, rattan, reeds, etc). There is a famous Christian Theological School in Kampung Baru.
Krayan Selatan, Kalimantan
The sub-district of Krayan Selatan consists of two customary lands, Krayan Hulu and Krayan Tengah. There are 24 villages and 6 settlements in the area that borders with Krayan and Bario (Sarawak). About 2,400 people of the Lundayeh and Sa’ban ethnic groups live in the area, and a small group of Punan people.
The average elevation of the area is 1,000m above sea level. The main economic activies are irrigated and hill rice cultivation, and buffalo rearing. The cultivation of vanilla plants was also started in this area.
Krayan Selatan is famous for the abundance of local fruit trees (durian, maritam, mata kucing, and more) and community-based ecotourism business is developing.
Along the Krayan River, there are still areas of lowland forest habitat. Heath forest areas can be found in Paye Rungan and Paye Milau, both rich in unique biodiversity.
Ba’ Kelalan, Sarawak
Ba’ Kelalan has, a population of around 1,030, the majority of whom are Lun Bawang.
Located at 970m above sea level on the Maligan Highlands, it is adjacent to Pulong Tau National Park and is the access point to Central Krayan in Kalimantan (Indonesia).
Key economic activities are paddy planting and rearing of buffaloes. It is also renowned for its exquisite Adan Rice, as well as apples – in fact, it is the only local apple farm in Malaysia. There are heath forests that contain many wild orchids and pitcher plants. The community here also extracts naturally-occuring spring to process into salt.
The region of Ba’ Kelalan shares its boundary with Central Krayan, Bario and Long Pa’ Sia’.
Bario is a group of villages housing around 1,200 people, the majority of whom are the Kelabits.
Located at 1,110m above sea level on the Kelabit Highlands, it is adjacent to Pulong Tau National Park and is the main water source for Baram River.
Key economic activities are paddy planting and tourism. It is renowned for its exquisite Bario rice, Bario pineapples as well as natural spring salt. It is also home to jungle flora species such as wild orchids and pitcher plants.
The region of Bario shares its boundary with Central Krayan, South Krayan and Ba’ Kelalan.
Long Pa’ Sia’ encompasses Long Mio and Long Pa’ Sia’ in the south-west of Sabah. The population is about 800 people, the majority of whom are Lundayeh.
Located at 1,000m above sea level on the Maligan Highlands, it is adjacent to Payeh Maga.
Key economic activities are paddy planting and ecotourism. It is renowned for its diversity of orchid species, as well as pitcher plants which can be found in abundance in Long Pa’ Sia’ Kerangas Park and in forests around Ulu Padas. It is also home to the Black Oriole, an endemic bird of Borneo.
Long Pa’ Sia’ shares its boundary with Long Semadoh and Central Krayan (Indonesia).